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Novartis announces NEJM publication of landmark PARADIGMS study demonstrating significant benefit of Gilenya® in children and adolescents with MS

Novartis International AG /
Novartis announces NEJM publication of landmark PARADIGMS study demonstrating
significant benefit of Gilenya® in children and adolescents with MS
. Processed and transmitted by Nasdaq Corporate Solutions.
The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this announcement.

* Treatment with Gilenya (fingolimod) substantially reduced the debilitating
impact of MS, with significant decreases in key measures of disease activity
vs. interferon beta-1a

* MS severely affects the everyday lives of children and adolescents with the
disease and carries a significant impact throughout their lifetime

* Gilenya, a leading oral therapy for relapsing MS, is the only treatment
approved by the US FDA for patients from 10 years of age through to

The digital press release with multimedia content can be accessed here:
Basel, September 12, 2018 - Novartis today announced that The New England
Journal of Medicine (NEJM) has published full results from the landmark Phase
III Gilenya(® )(fingolimod) PARADIGMS study, the first-ever controlled,
randomized study specifically designed for children and adolescents (aged 10 to
17) with relapsing forms of MS (RMS). Children and adolescents with MS
experience more frequent and often more severe relapses than those seen in
adults with MS[1]. The negative effect of relapses on movement, memory and
thinking prevents patients from enjoying their childhood and adolescent years to
the full, often leaving them feeling isolated and anxious[2]. PARADIGMS met the
primary endpoint of significantly reducing the rate of relapses when compared to
interferon beta-1a intramuscular injections over a period of up to two years[3].
The study also met several secondary clinical and imaging endpoints[3].

"I'd like to thank all the children who participated in the PARADIGMS study, and
their families, who have helped transform the outlook for pediatric patients
living with relapsing MS," said Dr. Tanuja Chitnis, Principle Investigator for
PARADIGMS and Director of the Partners Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Center,
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, US, and Scientist, Ann Romney Center,
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, US. "These data, published today, will go
a long way in helping to advance knowledge and understanding amongst the MS
community of how to evaluate and treat pediatric patients with MS."

Results from PARADIGMS show that, compared to interferon beta-1a, Gilenya[3]:
* Significantly reduced relapse rates by 82% (p<0.001) and delayed the time to
first relapse; an estimated 85.7% of patients treated with Gilenya were
relapse-free at 24 months, versus 38.8% of patients treated with interferon
beta-1a (p<0.001)
* Significantly reduced the number of new or newly enlarged T2 lesions up to
24 months by 53% (p<0.001). Also, it significantly reduced the average
number of gadolinium enhancing T1 (Gd+) lesions per scan at 24 months by
66.0% (p<0.001). The number and volume of lesions are associated with
increased relapse rates and disability progression
* In additional analyses, significantly reduced the annualized rate of brain
volume loss (brain shrinkage) by 40%
The safety profile of Gilenya in this study was overall consistent with that
seen in previous clinical trials in adults[3].

"PARADIGMS exemplifies Novartis' commitment to reimagining care for young
patients with neurological conditions," said Danny Bar-Zohar, Global Head,
Neuroscience Development for Novartis. "It is pioneering in every sense of the
word, demonstrating the collaborative approach taken with all stakeholders and
disciplines to bring the understanding of the unique attributes of pediatric MS
to the next level. Our priority now is to continue discussions with worldwide
health authorities to bring Gilenya to young patients in need, as soon as

Gilenya is a well-established treatment for MS in the adult population, having
been used to treat more than 255,000 patients in both clinical trials and the
post-marketing setting, with approximately 566,000 years of patient

About the Phase III PARADIGMS study
The Phase III PARADIGMS study (NCT01892722) is a flexible duration (up to two
years), double-blind, randomized, multi-center study to evaluate the safety and
efficacy of oral Gilenya(®) (fingolimod) compared to interferon beta-1a in
children and adolescents with a confirmed diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS),
followed by a five-year open label extension phase[3]. The study enrolled 215
children and adolescents with MS, 10 to less than 18 years of age with an
Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score between 0 and 5.5[3]. Patients
were randomized to receive once-daily oral Gilenya (0.5 mg or 0.25 mg, dependent
on patients' body weight) or intramuscular interferon beta-1a once weekly[3].

The primary endpoint of the study was the frequency of relapses in patients
treated up to 24 months (annualized relapse rate)[3]. Secondary endpoints
include the number of new or newly enlarged T2 lesions, gadolinium-enhancing T1
lesions, safety and the pharmacokinetic properties of Gilenya, all measured
throughout the treatment period[3].

The Phase III PARADIGMS study was conducted in 80 centers in 25 countries, and
was designed in partnership with the US Food and Drug Administration, the
European Medicines Agency and the International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis
Study Group[3].

About Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disorder of the central nervous system
(CNS) that disrupts the normal functioning of the brain, optic nerves and spinal
cord through inflammation and tissue loss[5]. In adults, there are three types
of MS: relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and
primary progressive MS (PPMS)[6]. Approximately 85% of people with MS have RRMS,
where the immune system attacks healthy tissue[7]. In children and adolescents,
RRMS accounts for nearly all cases (approximately 98 percent)[1].

The evolution of MS results in an increasing loss of both physical and cognitive
(e.g. memory) function. This has a substantial negative impact on the lives of
the approximately 2.3 million people worldwide affected by MS, of which between
three and five percent are estimated to be children or adolescents[7],[8].

About Gilenya (fingolimod)
Gilenya(®) (fingolimod) is an oral disease-modifying therapy (DMT) that is
highly efficacious at controlling disease activity in relapsing multiple
sclerosis (RMS)[9]. Gilenya has a reversible lymphocyte redistribution effect
targeting both focal and diffuse central nervous system (CNS) damage caused by
MS[10],[11]. Long-term clinical trial and real-world evidence and experience has
shown Gilenya treatment to be convenient for individuals to incorporate into
everyday life, leading to high treatment satisfaction, long-term persistence,
and ultimately, improved long-term outcomes for people with RMS[12],[13].
Gilenya impacts four key measures of RMS disease activity: relapses, MRI
lesions, brain shrinkage (brain volume loss) and disability
progression[14],[15]. Its effectiveness on all of these measures has been
consistently shown in multiple controlled clinical studies and in the real-world
setting. Studies have shown its safety and high efficacy to be sustained over
the long term, demonstrating that switching to Gilenya treatment as early in the
disease course as possible can be beneficial in helping to preserve individuals'

Gilenya is approved in the US for the first-line treatment of relapsing forms of
MS in adults, and children and adolescents ages 10 to less than 18 years of
age[9]. In the EU, Gilenya is approved for adult patients with highly-active
relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) defined as either high disease activity despite
treatment with at least one DMT, or rapidly-evolving severe RRMS[18]. Gilenya is
currently under review with the European Medicines Agency as a treatment for
children and adolescents with MS.
About Novartis in Multiple Sclerosis
Alongside Gilenya(®) (fingolimod, a modulator of the S1P receptor subtypes
1,3,4 and 5), Novartis' multiple sclerosis (MS) portfolio includes Extavia(®)
(interferon beta-1b for subcutaneous injection) which is approved in the US for
the treatment of relapsing forms of MS. In Europe, Extavia is approved to treat
people with relapsing-remitting MS, secondary progressive MS (SPMS) with active
disease and people who have had a single clinical event suggestive of MS.

Investigational compounds include siponimod (BAF312, a selective modulator of
the S1P receptor subtypes 1 and 5), for SPMS, and ofatumumab (OMB157), a fully
human monoclonal antibody in development for relapsing MS. Ofatumumab targets
CD20, and is currently being investigated in two Phase III pivotal studies.

In the US, the Sandoz Division of Novartis markets Glatopa(®) (glatiramer
acetate injection) 20 mg/mL and 40 mg/mL, generic versions of Teva's

*Copaxone(®) is a registered trademark of Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the
United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking
statements can generally be identified by words such as "potential," "can,"
"will," "plan," "expect," "anticipate," "look forward," "believe," "committed,"
"investigational," "pipeline," "launch," or similar terms, or by express or
implied discussions regarding potential marketing approvals, new indications or
labeling for the investigational or approved products described in this press
release, or regarding potential future revenues from such products. You should
not place undue reliance on these statements. Such forward-looking statements
are based on our current beliefs and expectations regarding future events, and
are subject to significant known and unknown risks and uncertainties. Should one
or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying
assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those set
forth in the forward-looking statements. There can be no guarantee that the
investigational or approved products described in this press release will be
submitted or approved for sale or for any additional indications or labeling in
any market, or at any particular time. Nor can there be any guarantee that such
products will be commercially successful in the future. In particular, our
expectations regarding such products could be affected by, among other things,
the uncertainties inherent in research and development, including clinical trial
results and additional analysis of existing clinical data; regulatory actions or
delays or government regulation generally; global trends toward health care cost
containment, including government, payor and general public pricing and
reimbursement pressures; our ability to obtain or maintain proprietary
intellectual property protection; the particular prescribing preferences of
physicians and patients; general political and economic conditions; safety,
quality or manufacturing issues; potential or actual data security and data
privacy breaches, or disruptions of our information technology systems, and
other risks and factors referred to in Novartis AG's current Form 20-F on file
with the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Novartis is providing the
information in this press release as of this date and does not undertake any
obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this press
release as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Novartis
Novartis is reimagining medicine to improve and extend people's lives. As a
leading global medicines company, we use innovative science and digital
technologies to create transformative treatments in areas of great medical need.
In our quest to find new medicines, we consistently rank among the world's top
companies investing in research and development. Novartis products reach nearly
1 billion people globally and we are finding innovative ways to expand access to
our latest treatments. About 125 000 people of more than 140 nationalities work
at Novartis around the world. Find out more at www.novartis.com.

Novartis is on Twitter. Sign up to follow @Novartis at
For Novartis multimedia content, please visit www.novartis.com/news/media-
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[1]    Waldman A et al. Pediatric multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2016; 87(9):
[2]    MS Society. Children and MS. https://www.mssociety.org.uk/what-is-
ms/types-of-ms/ms-in-children#MS%20and%20school (link is external). Accessed
September 2018.
[3]    Chitnis T et al. Trial of Fingolimod versus Interferon Beta-1a in
Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis. NEJM 2018; 379(11): 1017-1027.
[4]    Novartis data on file.
[5]    PubMed Heath. Multiple Sclerosis
(MS). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001747/ (link is external).
Accessed September 2018.
[6]    MS Society. Types of MS. https://www.mssociety.org.uk/what-is-ms/types-
of-ms (link is external). Accessed September 2018.
[7]    Multiple sclerosis International Federation. Atlas of MS 2013.
https://www.msif.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Atlas-of-MS.pdf (link is
external). Accessed September 2018.
[8]    Patel Y et al. Pediatric multiple sclerosis. Ann Indian Acad Neurol.
2009; 12(4): 238-245.
[9]    Gilenya US Prescribing Information.
a.pdf (link is external). Accessed September 2018.
[10]  Brinkmann V et al. FTY720 (fingolimod) in Multiple Sclerosis: therapeutic
effects in the immune and the central nervous system. Br J Pharmacol.
2009; 158(5): 1173-1182.
[11]  De Stefano N et al. Effect of fingolimod on diffuse brain tissue damage in
relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Mult Scler Relat Disord.
2016; 7: 98-101.
[12]  Warrender-Sparkes M et al. The effect of oral immunomodulatory therapy on
treatment uptake and persistence in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler.
2016; 22(4): 520-532.
[13]  Khatri B et al. Comparison of fingolimod with interferon beta-1a in
relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a randomised extension of the TRANSFORMS
study. Lancet Neurol. 2011; 10(6): 520-529.
[14]  Giovannoni G et al. "No evident disease activity": The use of combined
assessments in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler.
2017. Doi 10.1177/1352458517703193.
[15]  De Stefano N et al. Effect of Fingolimod on Brain Volume Loss in Patients
with Multiple Sclerosis. CNS Drugs. 2017; 31(4): 289-305.
[16]  Kappos L et al. Inclusion of brain volume loss in a revised measure of 'no
evidence of disease activity' (NEDA-4) in relapsing-remitting multiple
sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2016; 22(10): 1297-1305.
[17]  Lizac N et al. Highly active immunomodulatory therapy ameliorates
accumulation of disability in moderately advanced and advanced multiple
sclerosis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2017; 88(3): 196-203.
[18]  Gilenya EMA Summary of Product Characteristics.
_Product_Information/human/002202/WC500104528.pdf (link is external). Accessed
September 2018.

# # #

Novartis Media Relations
Central media line: +41 61 324 2200
E-mail: media.relations@novartis.com

Eric Althoff Angela Fiorin
Novartis Global Media Relations Novartis Global Pharma Communications
+41 61 324 7999 (direct) +41 61 324 8631 (direct)
+41 79 593 4202 (mobile) +41 79 752 6955 (mobile)
eric.althoff@novartis.com angela.fiorin@novartis.com

Novartis Investor Relations
Central investor relations line: +41 61 324 7944
E-mail: investor.relations@novartis.com

Central   North America

Samir Shah +41 61 324 7944 Richard Pulik +1 212 830 2448

Pierre-Michel Bringer +41 61 324 1065 Cory Twining +1 212 830 2417

Thomas Hungerbuehler +41 61 324 8425

Isabella Zinck +41 61 324 7188

Media release (PDF):

This announcement is distributed by Nasdaq Corporate Solutions on behalf of Nasdaq Corporate Solutions clients.
The issuer of this announcement warrants that they are solely responsible for the content, accuracy and originality of the information contained therein.

Source: Novartis International AG via GlobeNewswire

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